Timber Harvest Levels and Pressure on Shortleaf Pine in Missouri

Timber Harvest Levels and Pressure on Shortleaf Pine in Missouri

T.B. Treiman, Natural Resource Economist, Missouri Department of Conservation

Business, Finance, and Economics, Environmental Management, Forest Health, and Regeneration

1503_SLPFactsheet-Economic.pdf — PDF document, 590Kb

Harvest pressure on Missouri’s shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) forests is evaluated using Timber Product Output (TPO) and Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data. The TPO survey consists of a census of all primary mills and is a snapshot of timber use. TPO data show that annual shortleaf pine harvest in Missouri varied between 4.0 and 8.9 million cubic feet from 1969 to 2009. FIA field plots are another method used to estimate shortleaf pine growth and removals on an annual basis. From 1999 to 2003, FIA data estimated an annual harvest of shortleaf pine to be 7.6 million cubic feet; from 2004 to 2008, annual harvests were 3.4 million cubic feet and from 2009 to 2013, annual harvests were 11.1 million cubic feet. FIA data also show annual harvests remove between 13% and 62% of net growth of shortleaf pine growing stock. With growth exceeding harvest removal, shortleaf pine utilization is sustainable.


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